Proposed Oregon driver ed standard objectives & behaviors


  • administrators

    In Oregon, we're working towards standardizing the driver ed curriculum across the state. One crucial part of this is to establish a set list of objectives and behaviors that we assess during behind-the-wheel lessons.

    By "objectives," we mean learning objectives. These are the core skills that student drivers need to become competent at in order to pass the final driving skills test during the course. The next step after passing the driver ed course is to apply for a graduated driver license (GDL).

    By "behaviors," we mean the individual driving behaviors, that, when put together, constitute the ability to achieve a specific learning objective.

    So, for example, in order to properly secure a vehicle in a parking spot, the student must successfully exhibit the following behaviors: keep foot on brake, set parking brake, shift to Park, turn off accessories, turn off engine, remove key or fob, check traffic (before exiting vehicle).

    Here is a list of the 42 proposed standard objectives—and accompanying behaviors—that we'll be quantitatively assessing in Oregon going forward. In the coming months, I'll be discussing each objective individually in more detail.

    1. Approaching vehicle
      a. Have key in hand
      b. Look at and around car
      c. Look under car
      d. Look inside car
      e. Control door swing

    2. Orientation to controls
      a. Position hands on wheel at 8 and 4 or 9 and 3 with thumbs up
      b. Use signals
      c. Use wipers
      d. Use hazard lights
      e. Set parking brake
      f. Release parking brake
      g. Check speedometer
      h. Adjust climate control
      i. Turn on headlights - low
      j. Turn on headlights - full
      k. Adjust sun visor
      l. Blow horn
      m. Use brake pedal
      n. Use gas pedal
      o. Use shift selector

    3. Reading instruments and gauges
      a. Check fuel gauge
      b. Check temperature gauge and light
      c. Check brake system warning
      d. Check oil pressure gauge and light
      e. Check speedometer
      f. Check tachometer
      g. Check odometer and tripmeter

    4. Putting vehicle in motion
      a. Insert key or fob
      b. Keep foot on brake
      c. Check that shift is in Park
      d. Turn on ignition
      e. Turn on headlights - full
      f. Shift to Drive
      g. Release parking brake
      h. Check path-of-travel
      i. Choose target
      j. Aim to target
      k. Release foot to partial brake
      l. Use inching speed
      m. Use idling speed

    5. Preparing to drive - LSMILE
      a. Lock all doors
      b. Adjust seat position
      c. Adjust head restraint
      d. Put on driver seat belt
      e. Check passenger seat belts
      f. Adjust mirrors
      g. Turn on ignition
      h. Turn on headlights - full
      i. Shift to Drive
      j. Release parking brake

    6. Securing vehicle
      a. Keep foot on brake
      b. Set parking brake
      c. Shift to Park
      d. Turn off accessories
      e. Turn off engine
      f. Remove key or fob
      g. Check traffic (look/lever/leave)

    7. Controlling motion of vehicle
      a. Accelerate smoothly
      b. Brake smoothly
      c. Use inching speed
      d. Use idling speed
      e. Maintain speed
      f. Use push-pull steering
      g. Use hand-over-hand steering

    8. Stopping vehicle
      a. Feel point of resistance on brake
      b. Use constant pressure on brake
      c. Make smooth stop
      d. Make complete stop
      e. Make hard smooth stop
      f. Make hard stop with ABS braking

    9. Reference points
      a. Use right side limit
      b. Use left side limit
      c. Use front limit
      d. Use rear limit
      e. Use 3 feet from right side limit

    10. Stopping at intersections
      a. Make smooth stop
      b. Make complete stop
      c. Make legal stop - white line/edge of sidewalk/edge of curb
      d. Make safety stop
      e. Comply with signs and signals
      f. Comply with roadway markings

    11. Backing - straight and while turning
      a. Keep foot on brake
      b. Shift to Reverse
      c. Search 360 degrees
      d. Search and yield right-of-way
      e. Aim to target
      f. Choose best speed
      g. Use push-pull steering
      h. Use hand-over-hand steering
      i. Back to rear limit
      j. Check front swing
      k. Use pivot point
      l. Use left hand at 12 steering

    12. Precision turns - stopped and moving
      a. Use signals
      b. Make smooth stop
      c. Make legal stop
      d. Look into turn
      e. Choose target
      f. Use push-pull steering
      g. Brake until transition-point
      h. Check blind spot
      i. Check rear
      j. Check front limit
      k. Search left/front/right
      l. Choose gap or hole
      m. Get commitment to enter gap or hole
      n. Aim to target
      o. Use transition point for acceleration and steering recovery
      p. Check rear
      q. Evaluate line-of-sight obstacles
      r. Evaluate path-of-travel obstacles
      s. Choose best lane position

    13. Yielding to traffic
      a. Search and yield at intersection
      b. Search and yield before backing
      c. Search and yield during turnabout
      d. Get commitment

    14. Targeting and path control
      a. Choose target
      b. Aim to target
      c. Track accurately
      d. Use central and fringe vision
      e. Search to target area
      f. Evaluate target area
      g. Describe target area
      h. Evaluate line-of-sight obstacles
      i. Evaluate path-of-travel obstacles
      j. Respond to line-of-sight obstacles
      k. Respond to path-of-travel obstacles
      l. Search 15 seconds ahead
      m. Search within 4 second area
      n. Choose best speed
      o. Choose best lane position
      p. Keep areas around vehicle clear

    15. Moving laterally - MSMOG
      a. Check rearview mirror
      b. Evaluate path-of-travel obstacles
      c. Locate gap or hole
      d. Use signals
      e. Check side mirror
      f. Check blind spot
      g. Go if safe

    16. Judging distance in seconds
      a. Guess distance in seconds
      b. Count off by seconds
      c. Assess accuracy of guess
      d. Assess distance in seconds at different speeds

    17. Entering traffic
      a. Evaluate line-of-sight obstacles
      b. Evaluate path-of-travel obstacles
      c. Avoid hesitation
      d. Aim to target
      e. Use push-pull steering
      f. Accelerate smoothly
      g. Choose best lane position
      h. Cancel signal
      i. Track accurately
      j. Check rear

    18. Exiting traffic
      a. MSMOG
      b. Check side position
      c. Secure vehicle

    19. Searching to target area
      a. Evaluate line-of-sight obstacles
      b. Evaluate path-of-travel obstacles

    20. Crossing traffic - moving and stopped
      a. Search left/front/right (45 or 90 degrees)
      b. Use front limit
      c. Make legal stop
      d. Make safety stop
      e. Locate gap or hole
      f. Choose gap or hole
      g. Get commitment

    21. Controlled intersections
      a. See intersection in target area
      b. Check rear
      c. Choose best lane position
      d. Search left/front/right (45 or 90 degrees)
      e. Choose best speed
      f. Time arrival to open space

    22. Rear control
      a. Check rear after seeing line-of-sight or path-of-travel change
      b. Check rear before and after braking
      c. Check rear while stopped in traffic
      d. Check rear before and after turns
      e. Check rear before and after lane change
      f. Check rear before backing
      g. Check blind spot
      h. Evaluate line-of-sight obstacles
      i. Evaluate path-of-travel obstacles
      j. Choose best speed
      k. Choose best lane position

    23. Communication
      a. Use signals
      b. Chose best lane position
      c. Choose best speed
      d. Turn on headlights - full
      e. Use hand signals
      f. Use horn
      g. Get commitment
      h. Be courteous to others

    24. Stopping in traffic
      a. Check blind spot
      b. Evaluate line-of-sight obstacles
      c. Evaluate path-of-travel obstacles
      d. Check rear before and after braking
      e. Choose best speed
      f. Make staggered stop
      g. Make legal stop
      h. Make safety stop
      i. Respond to line-of-sight obstacles
      j. Respond to path-of-travel obstacles
      k. Check rear while stopped in traffic
      l. Time arrival to open space
      m. Communicate to rear
      n. Brake without delay
      o. Make smooth stop
      p. See rear tires of car in front touching pavement
      q. Delay moving 2 seconds

    25. Timing lights
      a. See light in target area
      b. See red light as path-of-travel obstacle
      c. Check rear before and after braking
      d. Communicate to rear
      e. Brake smoothly
      f. Time arrival to open space
      g. At 10 mph - go or stop (point of no return)
      h. Green light - scan intersection
      i. Red light - make smooth stop
      j. Make legal stop
      k. Straighten wheels
      l. Check rear before and after braking
      m. Locate gap or hole
      n. See light change

    26. Driving through curves
      a. Target on approach to curve
      b. See/respond to curve in target area
      c. Evaluate grip on straightaway
      d. Evaluate to left and right of vehicle
      e. Choose best lane position
      f. Choose best drive line
      g. Choose best speed
      h. Do not target at apex
      i. Look into curve
      j. Use central and fringe vision
      Target on exiting curve

    27. Driving over hills
      a. See/respond to hill in target area
      b. Evaluate path-of-travel
      c. Choose best lane position
      d. Evaluate path-of-travel at hill crest

    28. Controlling side areas
      a. Evaluate fixed obstacles on sides
      b. Evaluate moving obstacles on sides
      c. Choose best lane position while passing
      d. Communicate
      e. Choose best speed

    29. Pedestrians and cyclists
      a. Evaluate line-of-sight obstacles
      b. Evaluate path-of-travel obstacles
      c. Choose best speed
      d. Choose best lane position
      e. Communicate
      f. Reevaluate 4-second danger area

    30. Entering the freeway
      a. Identify entry and exit ramps
      b. Identify acceleration lane
      c. Identify merge lane
      d. Identify weave lane
      e. Choose best lane
      f. Observe move over law
      g. Check rear
      h. Maintain 4 seconds following distance
      i. Accelerate on entry ramp
      j. Search for gap to enter
      k. Use signals
      l. Accelerate to match traffic speed
      m. Check blind spot
      n. Enter lane with precision
      o. Check rear

    31. Exiting the freeway
      a. Plan 12 seconds or more for exit
      b. Check rear
      c. Communicate
      d. Change lanes if needed
      e. Brake smoothly after exit

    32. Lane changes
      a. Assess need to change lanes
      b. Time arrival to open space
      c. MSMOG
      d. Move to left-of-center or right-of-center of lane
      e. Choose best lane position
      f. Check other lanes
      g. Cancel signal
      h. Choose best speed

    33. Passing and being passed
      a. Assess need to pass
      b. See ahead to pass
      c. Maintain 4 seconds following distance
      d. Choose best location
      e. Check rearview mirror
      f. Check related areas
      g. Avoid hesitation
      h. Accelerate smoothly
      i. See headlights in rear view mirror
      j. Choose best speed
      k. Choose best lane position
      l. Communicate
      m. Return to lane
      n. Cancel signal

    34. Traffic signs and signals
      a. See/respond to signs and signals
      b. See/respond to markings
      c. Check rear
      d. Evaluate line-of-sight obstacles
      e. Evaluate path-of-travel obstacles
      f. Respond to line-of-sight obstacles
      g. Respond to path-of-travel obstacles
      h. Demonstrate yielding laws

    35. Following other vehicles
      a. Maintain 4 seconds following distance
      b. Adjust front closure rate
      c. See slower vehicles
      d. Choose best lane position
      e. Choose best speed
      f. Scan traffic 15 seconds ahead
      g. Control rear
      h. Respond to communication
      i. Explain benefits of 4 second following distance

    36. Turnabout maneuvers - U-turn/2-point/3-point
      a. Evaluate line-of-sight obstacles
      b. Evaluate path-of-travel obstacles
      c. Choose location
      d. Search and yield right-of-way
      e. Use signals
      f. Use push-pull steering
      g. Use hand-over-hand steering
      h. Search 360 degrees
      i. Aim to target
      j. Make legal stop
      k. Make safety stop
      l. Make staggered stop
      m. Use pivot point

    37. Parking - angle or perpendicular - enter
      a. Evaluate line-of-sight obstacles
      b. Evaluate path-of-travel obstacles
      c. Check rear
      d. Check parking space
      e. Check side position
      f. Check forward position
      g. Use inching speed
      h. Turn wheel fast
      i. Aim to target
      j. Straighten vehicle and tires
      k. Use front limit

    38. Parking - angle or perpendicular - exit
      a. Evaluate line-of-sight obstacles
      b. Evaluate path-of-travel obstacles
      c. Check all corners
      d. Check rear
      e. Turn
      f. Straighten vehicle and tires
      g. Keep foot on brake
      h. Shift to Reverse
      i. Search 360 degrees
      j. Search and yield right-of-way
      k. Aim to target
      l. Use inching speed
      m. Choose best speed
      n. Use push-pull steering
      o. Use hand-over-hand steering
      p. Check front swing
      q. Use pivot point

    39. Parking - hill
      a. Check front
      b. Check rear
      c. Check blind spot
      d. Signal 5 seconds before
      e. Brake smoothly
      f. Use right side limit
      g. Turn wheels
      h. Secure vehicle

    40. Parking - back-in perpendicular
      a. Check side position
      b. Check forward position
      c. Target 45 degrees
      d. Back to pivot point
      e. Straighten vehicle and tires
      f. Back to rear limit

    41. Parking - parallel - enter
      a. Check side position
      b. Communicate
      c. Check forward position
      d. Search 360 degrees
      e. Turn wheel fully right
      f. Back until inside corner of vehicle behind visible in left mirror
      g. Straighten wheel
      h. Back at 45 degree angle until wheels at corner of vehicle ahead
      i. Turn wheel fully left
      j. Use inching speed
      k. Straighten vehicle and tires
      l. Center vehicle in parking space
      m. Secure vehicle

    42. Parking - parallel - exit
      a. Back to create space
      b. Turn wheels fully left
      c. MSMOG
      d. Aim to target
      e. Evaluate path-of-travel obstacles
      f. Evaluate line-of-sight obstacles
      g. Accelerate smoothly



  • Is that an acronym in objective 5 (LSMILE)?


  • administrators

    Hi @muvngruvn,

    Good question. Yep. LSMILE is an acronym that stands for:

    Locks
    Seat
    Mirrors
    Ignition
    Lights
    E-brake

    In Oregon, we generally try to keep the acronyms to a minimum. But this one is a good mnemonic to help students remember the correct procedure on entering the vehicle, before putting the vehicle in motion.

    That said, LSMILE isn't perfect. At Portland Community College, we use a lot of Priuses for driver ed. Like many newer vehicles, mirror adjustment controls in a Prius are electric. In order to adjust the mirrors, the driver has to start the engine.

    Also, LSMILE omits putting the vehicle into gear (whether Drive or Reverse). We teach that the driver puts the vehicle into gear before releasing the emergency brake.


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